Name: 
 

CHAPTER 1—ABNORMAL BEHAVIOUR IN HISTORICAL CONTEXT



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

According to the authors of your textbook, the definition of a psychological disorder is associated with:
a.
stress
b.
impaired functioning
c.
culturally expected responses
d.
psychotic symptoms
 

 2. 

Which of the following degrees is earned by a psychiatrist?
a.
Ph.D.
b.
Ed.D.
c.
M.D.
d.
Psy.D.
 

 3. 

The biological and psychological models or theories of abnormality derived originally from the ancient Greek concept in which the:
a.
mind was considered separate from the body
b.
flow of bodily fluids affected behaviour and personality
c.
female reproductive organs were associated with psychopathology
d.
movement of the planets influenced human behaviour
 

 4. 

The historic belief that the movements and/or positions of the moon, the stars, and the planets influence human behaviour is still held by followers of the pseudoscience called ____________.
a.
graphology
b.
parapsychology
c.
astronomy
d.
astrology
 

 5. 

In an attempt to rid the body of the excessive humors thought to be causing psychological disorders, physicians throughout history have used treatments such as:
a.
bloodletting
b.
induced seizures
c.
exorcism
d.
drilling through the skull
 

 6. 

You have been asked to give a report on the mental hygiene movement and its foremost crusader Dorothea Dix, who campaigned for more humane treatment of the insane. After mentioning all of her accomplishments you note the unforeseen consequence of her efforts, namely:
a.
a decrease in the number of mental patients in institutions, forcing many to close
b.
an increase in the number of mental patients resulting in insufficient staff to care for them
c.
a change from custodial care to moral therapy for institutionalized patients
d.
more patients receiving psychotherapy and less receiving medication
 

 7. 

According to psychoanalytic theory, the ____ develops early in life to insure that we can adapt to the demands of the real world while still finding ways to meet our basic needs.
a.
ego
b.
superego
c.
libido
d.
ideal self
 

 8. 

Mrs. B. received a very poor rating by her supervisor who had been constantly criticizing her in front of her coworkers. When she got home, her kids ran up to greet her all talking at once. She responded by yelling: "Leave me alone! Can't you see I'm tired?" According to psychoanalytic theory, this is an example of the defense mechanism known as:
a.
displacement
b.
projection
c.
repression
d.
rationalization
 

 9. 

Most mental health professionals are aware that psychoanalysis as a treatment technique:
a.
is basically unscientific
b.
has been proven effective
c.
has been subject to careful measurement criteria
d.
is noted for consistency in analytic interpretation
 

 10. 

Someone you know has been having a lot of difficulty because of irrational fears. Knowing that you are studying abnormal psychology, this person asks if you know of an effective and well-established treatment. You advise her that ____, based on the mid 20th century work of Joseph Wolpe, is a successful anxiety reduction procedure.
a.
systematic desensitization
b.
person centered therapy
c.
exorcism
d.
aversive conditioning
 

Essay
 

 11. 

Describe the process of becoming a mental health professional. Discuss the differences among the following: psychiatrist, psychologist, psychiatric social worker, nurse practitioner. For each profession list the credentials, the educational background, and the professional responsibilities of scientist-practitioners.
 



 
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